Arthroscopy of the Knee and Related Injuries
The knee may look like an ordinary joint but if you study its anatomy,
you will be surprised to know its complexities. And the truth is, you
must never take it for granted since it's the most common joint of the
body that gets injured. More often than not, the cause of such injury is
sports related. The most common knee injuries are sprains, ligament
injuries, tendinitis, strains, dislocations, fractures, tendinitis,
cartilage injuries, meniscal tears and chodromalacia. And everybody
experiences one of these conditions at certain points of one's life. But
this can vary in the degree of severity.
Symptoms to Watch Out For
How will you know that you are experiencing a knee injury? The most common
symptoms that one may experience are swelling and pain on the affected
area. If you experience any of these then you may suspect that a knee
injury has occurred. The knee may also become unstable and you may hear
a snapping or popping sound that is often accompanied by painful
sensations. In some cases, there is a tendency for the joint on the knee
to lock up. If you experience a knee injury, you must assess right away
if the knee loses its function. This signifies that you are in need of
urgent medical help.
Football players are the usual
victims of sports-related knee injuries. And for these individuals, the
usual precipitating factor is not the accidents that happen during the
game, but it is the continuous use of the knee causing its wear and
tear. Hence, knee injuries may become a chronic problem among athletes.
Twisting or high impact on the knee may cause it to get injured as well.
This results in tearing of the meniscus. If the injury creates loose
pieces of shredded bones coming from the interior kneecap surface, one
will experience severe pain and this causes the knee to lock. Sometimes,
the pain and discomfort is caused by torn cartilage floating in the
joint cavity and pinching the joints of the knee.
What Arthroscopy of the Knee Can Do
Arthroscopy can be employed to diagnose or treat knee
injury. As its name implies, the entire procedure will be guided by an
arthroscope. This comes with a fiber optic part that is to be inserted
through a small knee incision. If reconstructive surgical procedure is
done, it allows the surgeon to reattach ruptured or torn ligaments back
to the bones. Hence, it resets the affected bones back to their proper
positions. For minor damage on the knee, a surgical repair will do with
the use of arthroscopic devices. However, follow-up care must be done
post-operatively. The patient will be required to use a brace, splint or
cast after surgery. An exercise program must also be employed to regain
the strength of the knee joints.
To find out more about various knee
conditions and the many treatment options, you can visit our Patient
Education Section. After all, it pays to understand the functionalities
of our knees and learn what must be done to protect them.